The Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 (RHPA), which came into force on December 31, 1993, and amended in June 2007, provides a common legislative framework under which all regulated health professions in Ontario must function. Currently 28 health professions are regulated under the RHPA.
The underlying objectives of the RHPA are:
- To protect the public from harm and from unqualified, incompetent or unfit providers;
- To promote safe high quality care;
- To make regulated health professions accountable to the public;
- To provide patients/clients access to health care professionals of their choice;
- To achieve equality and consistency by requiring all regulated health professions adhere to the same purposes, procedures and public interest principles;
- To treat individual patients/clients and health professionals in an equitable manner.
It assigns duties and responsibilities to:
- The Minister of Health and Long-Term Care;
- The Colleges that regulate health professions;
- The Health Professions Regulatory Advisory Council; and
- The Health Professions Appeal and Review Board.
The RHPA also identified “controlled acts” that only qualified persons of regulated health professions are authorized to perform as these activities could cause harm to the public. Members of the College of Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners and Acupuncturists of Ontario are authorized to perform two controlled acts which are defined in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Act, 2006.